No announcement yet.

Story of Genghis Khan OBLITERATING Islamic Empire of Khwarezmia and Eastern Iran

  • Filter
  • Time
  • Show
Clear All
new posts

  • Story of Genghis Khan OBLITERATING Islamic Empire of Khwarezmia and Eastern Iran

    Mongol invasion of Khwarezmia and Eastern Iran

    [Content is Protected, Please Register For Free To Unlock This Content]

    The Mongol invasion of Khwarezmia from 1219 to 1221[1] marked the beginning of the Mongol conquest of the Islamic states. The Mongol expansion would ultimately culminate in the conquest of virtually all of Eurasia, save for Western Europe, Fennoscandia, the Byzantine Empire, Arabia, most of the Indian subcontinent, Japan and parts of Southeast Asia.

    Incidentally, it was not originally the intention of the Mongol Empire to invade the Khwarezmid Empire. According to the Persian historian Juzjani, Genghis Khan had originally sent the ruler of the Khwarezmid Empire, Ala ad-Din Muhammad, a message seeking trade and greeted him as his neighbor: "I am master of the lands of the rising sun while you rule those of the setting sun. Let us conclude a firm treaty of friendship and peace."[2] The Mongols' original unification of all "people in felt tents", unifying the nomadic tribes in Mongolia and then the Turcomens and other nomadic peoples, had come with relatively little bloodshed, and almost no material loss. The Mongol wars with the Jurchens however had shown how cruel the Mongols could be. Shah Muhammad reluctantly agreed to this peace treaty, but it was not to last. The war started less than a year later, when a Mongol caravan and its envoys were massacred in the Khwarezmian city of Otrar.

    In the ensuing war, lasting less than two years, the Khwarezmid Empire was utterly destroyed.

    Genghis then sent a 500-man caravan of Muslims to establish official trade ties with Khwarezmia. However Inalchuq, the governor of the Khwarezmian city of Otrar, had the members of the caravan that came from Mongolia arrested, claiming that the caravan was a conspiracy against Khwarezmia. It seems unlikely, however, that any members of the trade delegation were spies. Nor does it seem likely that Genghis was trying to provoke a conflict with the Khwarezmid Empire, considering he was still dealing with the Jin in northeastern China.[4]

    Genghis Khan then sent a second group of three ambassadors (one Muslim and two Mongols) to meet the shah himself and demand the caravan at Otrar be set free and the governor be handed over for punishment. The shah had both of the Mongols shaved and had the Muslim beheaded before sending them back to Genghis Khan. Muhammad also ordered the personnel of the caravan to be executed. This was seen as a grave affront to the Khan himself, who considered ambassadors "as sacred and inviolable."[6] This led Genghis Khan to attack the Khwarezmian Dynasty.
    Though tired from their journey, the Mongols still won their first victories against the Khwarezmian army. A Mongol army, under Jochi, with 25,000 to 30,000 men, attacked the Shah's army in southern Khwarezmia and prevented the much larger forces of the Shah from forcing them into the mountains.[13] The primary Mongol army, headed personally by Genghis Khan, reached the city of Otrar in the fall of 1219. After besieging Otrar for five months, the Khan's forces managed to storm the main part of the city by entering a sally port gate that was not secured.[13]

    A further month went by before the citadel at Otrar was taken. Inalchuq held out until the end, even climbing to the top of the citadel in the last moments of the siege to throw down tiles at the oncoming Mongols. Genghis killed many of the inhabitants, enslaved the rest, and executed Inalchuq.[14]
    The Mongols attacked using prisoners as body shields. On the third day of fighting, the Samarkand garrison launched a counterattack. Feigning retreat, Genghis drew a garrison force of 50,000 outside the fortifications of Samarkand and slaughtered them in open combat. Shah Muhammad attempted to relieve the city twice, but was driven back. On the fifth day, all but an approximate 2,000 soldiers surrendered. The remaining soldiers, die-hard supporters of the Shah, held out in the citadel. After the fortress fell, Genghis reneged on his surrender terms and executed every soldier that had taken arms against him at Samarkand. The people of Samarkand were ordered to evacuate and assemble in a plain outside the city, where they were killed and pyramids of severed heads raised as the symbol of Mongol victory.[16]

    About the time of the fall of Samarkand, Genghis Khan charged Subutai and Jebe, two of the Khan's top generals, with hunting down the Shah. The Shah had fled west with some of his most loyal soldiers and his son, Jalal al-Din, to a small island in the Caspian Sea. It was there, in December of 1220, that the Shah died. Most scholars attribute his death to pneumonia, but others cite the sudden shock of the loss of his empire.
    As usual, the artisans were sent back to Mongolia, young women and children were given to the Mongol soldiers as slaves, and the rest of the population was massacred. The Persian scholar Juvayni states that 50,000 Mongol soldiers were given the task of executing twenty-four Urgench citizens each, which would mean that 1.2 million people were killed. While this is almost certainly an exaggeration, the sacking of Urgench is considered one of the bloodiest massacres in human history.

    Then came the complete destruction of the city of Gurjang, south of the Aral Sea. Upon its surrender the Mongols broke the dams and flooded the city, then proceeded to execute the survivors.
    fascinating story that should serve as a historical reminder.

    shout out to bodymovin for originally showing me the link.

  • #2
    Fuckin' A, bro! We should clone Genghis Khan and get him to take down ISIS for us.

    Fuck yeeeeeeeeeeahhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhh! USA! USA! USA!


    • #3
      I'll put together a squad of Boxingscene lounge posters and we will clean up that mess.

      Annie will be the Corpsman so he can stick a thermometer in everyone's ass.

      Fallen Ego will be the psycological warfare guy, bore everyone to death.

      Da Machine will be a 240 gunner since he hates everyone.

      BG and Reed to hand out bans to the terrorist. No shooting for 3 days

      Jose will have to be on board in case we need some oxygen for any reason.

      Virgil Cane to make us some food because MRE's are nasty.

      HanzGruber to be a human shield/sacrifice.


      • #4
        good stuff, mate


        • #5
          and then the Mongols descendants ended up becoming Muslim and forming the Timurid/Mughal dynasty/empire.

          The Muslims were not really united like they were under the earlier Ummayad/Abbasid caliphates and also they had weak rulers around at the time which led to so many lives being lost. Baghdad never recovered from what happened, it was THE city at the time.


          • #6
            Yet, the current inhabitants of the land mass conquered by Genghis ended up being almost exclusively Muslim.

            Turks for example are those Mongols, does Ottoman empire ring a bell.


            • #7
              aaaaaaaaand here comes the muslim area british posters.

              yea we got our asses kicked but they muslim now doe....


              • #8
                Originally posted by Sterling Archer View Post
                aaaaaaaaand here comes the muslim area british posters.

                yea we got our asses kicked but they muslim now doe....

                gay .


                • #9
                  Originally posted by !! Anorak View Post
                  gay .
                  nice avi.

                  pray to allah for forgiveness.


                  • #10
                    The CIA broke me.