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Sanctioning Bodies, Commissions, Laws, and such nonsense

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  • Sanctioning Bodies, Commissions, Laws, and such nonsense

    This is a repeat thread. I was able to find and update my champions thread however my work on authorities in boxing history seems lost.

    Ancient Olympics rules written by champion Onomastos upheld by the Hellano***ai of Olympus starting at 686 BC. They were religiously followed, no hyperbole.

    Could throw in the Roman Colosseum but that's gladiator stuff. Roman champion boxers were still Olympians of course, not colosseum gladiators. The Gladiators were not thought of as equals to the Pygmachos of Olympia. Gladiators did not contribute to the evolution of the sport, they existed side-by-side with those who did.

    James Figg's Amphitheatre, James Figg controlled boxing outright. Who he said was best simply was until after he dies and his student dispute over who is the new Figg. 1722 is the usual accept starting date.

    Broughton’s Rules written by Jack Broughton in 1743. Mostly to make sure no one amphitheater controls boxing after he retires. His reign was disputed by another star pupil of Figgs who had opened his own amphitheater to compete with Jack/Figg's after Figg had past. Jack winning made him the clear champion but at this point in history the man who was seen as the trainer of the fighters was the man who elected champions. Prior to Jack most champs were the guy Figg said was champ and most disputed where handled likewise. Jack ended a corruption that actually worked in his favor and Slack, the man who ended Jack, is your first non-Figg trained champion. Broughton also invented soft gloves for training that would later evolve into gloves we fight with today.

    Champion John Jackson started the Pugilistic Society in 1814 which introduced London Prize Ring Rules in 1838. Cheating had become common place in boxing, Jackson looked to make boxing more of a high society affair and needed to rid boxing of some level of nefarity. Ironically Jackson won his title by flagrant cheating, he held his opponent by the pony tail, illegal even by Broughton's Rules.

    Things get a bit tricky with the Fair Play Club beginning with champion Tom Spring in 1828. They added a few rules that handled outside interference and had much the same purpose a John Jackson's Society however Jackson's Society would not write until a decade after the formation of the Fair Play Club. So for most of its life the FPC held fights under the Broughton Rules set with additional rules and officials to enforce the new rules and prevent invasions of the ring by supporters. Ironically The FPC crowned the single dirtiest boxing champion I know of; Jem Ward.

    Dixie, as in south-east US, did have a form of boxing that existed from the very early 1800s to the late 1800s called Rough and Tumble. Today that's just a phrase that means a gritty fight or fighter, back then it was what the world called Dixie's form of boxing. Rules were negotiated to nonexistent. Men lost by giving up or being stopped. A common way to stop a man outside of KO would be to pluck their eyes from their head, or castration. What makes R&T different from the gladiators, outside of having even less rules and being even more brutal, is the fact that the first American bare knuckle champions are all R&T fighters who did so well they were able to grab BR/FPC/LPR Rules titles and rival England despite its century of well trained pedigree boxers until ultimately American boxing supersedes English boxing.

    The Pugilistic Society writes the London Prize Ring Rules in 1838.

    Pugilistic Association's Revised Rules come in 1853. The name is changed but the society is still the Pugilistic Society started by Jackson.

    Marquis of Queensberry Rules Governing Contests for Endurance written in 1865 by John Graham Chambers. Published in 1867 by John Douglas ( Ninth Marquess of Queensberry). Adopted in 1888.

    New Rules of the Pugilistic Benevolent Society written 1866. Again, a new name but they're still the Pugilistic Society.

    Amateur Athletic Association formed in 1880 by three men at Oxford. Now called the AAA of England. A national governing body for athletics.

    The Olympic Club was established in New Orleans in mid-1883 as a gentlemen's athletic club catering to the city's expanding immigrant population in the Third District, known then as the Faubourg Washington, just downriver from the Faubourg Marigny. Between 1883 and 1893 the club's membership grew from twenty-three to nearly eleven hundred gentlemen engaging in a wide variety of athletic and leisure-time pursuits ranging from target-shooting and gymnastics to billiards and boxing

    The American Fair-Play Rules are a set of rules intended for amateur boxing matches. Recorded by John Boyle O'Reilly in Ethics of Boxing and Manly Sport and by professional boxer William Edwards in his 1888 book, The Art of Boxing and Science of Self-Defense, together with a Manual of Training. Edwards attributes the rules to a "David Blanchard of Boston Mass." Further, Edwards claims that the rules are based off of the Marquess of Queensberry rules and that it "has been warmly endorsed by many prominent lovers of the manly art." The reasons Edwards gives for adoption of these rules are, in his estimation, that they "will encourage fairer and more harmless, and at the same time more scientific and interesting exhibitions of the old and much admired sport."

    Amateur athletic Union or AAU was founded in 1888 by William Buckingham Curtis to establish standards and uniformity in amateur sport. It's basically the US version of the AAA.

    John L. Sullivan defeats Jake Kilrain effectively ending LPRR's run as the rules to use and replacing them with gloved rules. Most historians mark John L as the first Queensberry champion.

    New Orleans City Ord. permits glove fights sponsored by athletic Clubs in 1890.

    National Sporting Club was founded on 5 March 1891 as a private club run under very strict rules regarding both the boxers and the members. Bouts would take place after dinner, before about 1,300 members and guests. The bouts would be fought in silence as no talking was permitted during the rounds. The club built up a great tradition of sportsmanship and fair play. Founders are John Fleming, A.F. "Peggy" Bettinson, and Hugh Lowther, 5th Earl of Lonsdale

    1896 The Horton Law legalized boxing in the state of New York. It had been signed into law by the governor April 17, 1896 and became effective September 1, 1896. It was repealed by the Lewis Law, and officially expired August 31, 1900.

    Colorado State Boxing Commission formed in 1899 to first legalized and then legislated boxing.

    French Federation of Boxing Clubs forms in 1903 and adheres to the French boxing and Queensberry rules. A Belgian version would pop up soon after, but a language barrier keeps me from exact dates.

    Modern Olympic Games adds boxing in 1904

    National Sporting Club establishes weight classes in 1909

    Anti-Prize Fight Film Law was a United States federal law from 1912 to 1940 that prohibited the exhibition of prizefight films. It appears to have been introduced by Senator Smith of Iowa back in 1910. The law also had a provision, perhaps deleted before the law went into effect, that prohibited the transmission of descriptions of prizefights via electronic transmission/wire. Battling Nelson had appeared before Congress in May 1910 to oppose this bill.

    The Frawley Law was New York State legislation permitting professional boxing that existed from August 29, 1911 to Nov. 14, 1917. The 1917 ring-death of Young McDonald was largely responsible for its expiration and the prohibition of boxing in the state until the 1920 Walker Law.

    International Boxing Union was created June 1911 in Paris, France. It was an attempt to create a unified international governing body for professional boxing. Signatories of the protocol for the IBU were: Paul Rousseau, President of the French Federation of Boxing Clubs for France, Fred Tilbury, an Englishman and President of the Belgian Federation of Boxing Clubs for Belgium, and Victor Breyer, President of the French Society for the propagation of English boxing, having an official mandate by the New York State Athletic Commission, and consequently acting on behalf of some American boxing authorities.

    The IBU suspended operations with the outbreak of World War I, but resumed action on February 5, 1920. Eventually, by the end of 1942, the IBU was in the hands of the Nazis and Fascists, who transformed it into the "Associazione Pugilistica Professionistica Europea" (APPE). By December 1, 1944, the IBU/APPE was dormant. In 1946, from the ashes of the APPE, the European Boxing Union (EBU) came into being.

    South American Boxing Profissional Union Version formed in 1910 as well. A regional sanctioning body for continental South America.

    American Boxing Association was a short lived sanctioning body from 1914 to the end of 1915 created by Tom Andrews. It was the US answer to the IBU.

    Stadiums Limited owned and administered four venues on Australia's east coast at West Melbourne Stadium, Sydney Stadium, Leichhardt Stadium and Brisbane Festival Hall. The company was founded in 1915 by John Wren and Dick Lean Senior who acted as the general manager. Stadiums initially began presenting both boxing and professional wrestling. Wren offered a great deal of money to boxers and wrestlers to perform.

    In 1914 voters statewide approve an amendment to California law limiting bouts to a maximum of four rounds, and the value of a prize to a maximum of $25.00 for a boxer. The ten year "Four-Round Era" begins.

    New Jersey's 1918 Hurley Law permits 8 rounders. 12-rounders and No Decision bouts permitted starting April 1920

    During The People v. Packey O’Gatty case the New York Supreme Court ruled to repeal the 1911 Frawley Act in November 1917 also automatically outlawed club-membership boxing in the state. In effect by 1918.

    The Walker Law is named after its sponsor, Senator James J. Walker, this became the most influential American boxing legislation. The New York Senate, by a vote of 30-19, adopted it March 25, 1920. It once again legalized professional boxing in New York state. Its code of boxing rules established standard weight divisions.

    During the 1920 Summer Olympics in Antwerp, representatives from the national associations of England, France, Belgium, Brazil and the Netherlands met in a preliminary consortium for the foundation of an international boxing federation: The Federation Internationale de Boxe Amateur (FIBA). The official foundation has been celebrated on 24 August. Right after, international competitions appeared in the boxing arena, allowing amateurs to compete in well-known tournaments.

    The NYSAC was founded in 1920, when the Walker Law legalized prizefighting. It is a division of the New York State Department of State which regulates all contests and exhibitions of unarmed combat within the state of New York, including licensure and supervision of promoters, boxers, professional wrestlers, seconds, ring officials, managers, and matchmakers.

    National Boxing Association formed in 1921 as a response to the NYSAC. The NBA composed of 17 American states. By late 1948, New York and Massachusetts were the only states where boxing was conducted which were not members of the NBA. New York had its own highly-influential New York State Athletic Commission.

    In 1922 the NBA adopts two new weight classes: Junior Lightweight, 130 lbs. maximum, and Junior Welterweight, 140 lbs., but not recognizing any champion of those new divisions. The NBA also announces that it will reduce the number of official divisions from 13 to 10 - flyweight, bantamweight, featherweight, junior lightweight, lightweight, junior welterweight, welterweight, middleweight, light heavyweight, and heavyweight.

    In 1923 Pennsylvania created a Commission modeled after Walker Law; Penn permits ten round bouts to a decision, to be made by two judges and a referee if they disagree.

    The Chicago Golden Gloves dates back to 1923, when Chicago Tribune Sports Editor Arch Ward came up with the idea of a city-wide amateur boxing tournament to be sponsored by the newspaper. Boxing, however, was not legal in the state of Illinois at the time. Upon legalization of boxing in the state in 1926, the Chicago Tribune held the first of the Chicago Golden Gloves tournaments that we know today in 1928.

    "Four-Round Era" ends with bouts conducted at the Hollywood Legion Stadium. California then enters a "Fightless Period" until the new state athletic commission is established under the recently-enacted legislation.

    Los Angeles City Attorney Jesse Stephens rules that the city's boxing ordinances conflict with newly-enacted state law. California permits 10-round fights by 1925.

    Illinois legalizes boxing in 1925, that same year The Illinois Athletic Commission is organized, John C. Righeimer and Paul Prehn are announced as the Commissioners.

    In late 1926, Paul Gallico of the New York Daily News and fellow editors were having dinner. Gallico threw out the idea of an amateur boxing tournament, suggesting that it be called the New York Daily News Golden Gloves. Capt. Joseph M. Patterson, newspaper publisher, quickly approved of the name and idea, agreeing to the New York Daily News' sponsorship of the tournament.

    Colorado forms boxing commission in 1927, abolished by 1977 and re-established in '99.

    In the 1920s boxing became a sport with mass appeal. Boxers could appear at large venues and earn more money than at the National Sporting Club. As a result, the club was forced to open its doors to the public in October 1928. However, in 1929, it was forced to close its premises in Covent Garden. A new organization, the British Boxing Board of Control, was formed to control the sport. Most of the board of the new organization were senior members of the NSC. The NSC was given a permanent seat on the new Board of Control and retained this privilege until 1937.

    Washington legalizes boxing and then 10-rounders in 1933

    1933 In Texas boxing is legalized. Prior to this time certain cities allowed boxing under local laws. The sport had been illegal ever since Gov. Culberson stopped the proposed Fitzsimmons v. Corbett bout in 1895. Under the new law boxing matches were not permitted to last longer than 10 rounds, except championship matches which were not to exceed 15 rounds. No round was to last longer than 3 minutes and decisions were to be rendered.

    The first annual Pacific Northwest Golden Gloves Tournament commences at Seattle's Crystal Pool in 1935.

    Federation Pugilistic Italiana forms in Rome in 1938.

    1941 sees the formation of the American Federation of Boxing Organized in New York, it gained little recognition, but sanctioned a series of eight-rounders for the world junior featherweight title. Champions included Lou Barbetta, Davey Crawford, Aaron Seltzer, and Joey Iannotti. The ABF lasted less than a year.

    The Associazione Pugilistica Professionistica Europea evolved from the former IBU and FIBA. In 1942, FIBA, the world body for amateur boxers, met in Rome. Germany was to have been the host of the 1942 first world championship tournament for amateur but World War II interfered with that plan. Italy was appointed the site of the 1943 European championships. Near the same time in 1942 the IBU was in the hands of the German Nazis and Italian Fascists.

    On 5 June 1942, the Associazione Pugilistica Professionistica Europea (APPE) was formally established, replacing the IBU. The lira was adopted as the official currency for bout and congress fees. Vittorio Mussolini, eldest son of Italian dictator Benito Mussolini, was declared the APPE's first President. The first official meeting of the APPE's steering committee was held June 7, who recognized the following European champions: Urbinati (fly), Bondavalli (bantam and feather), Botta (light), vacant (welter), Besselmann (middle), Musina (light-heavy), and Max Schmeling (heavy).

    The APPE also changed the division weights, adopting the kilogram, and abolishing the hated pounds: 51 kilos (fly), 54 (bantam), 58 (feather), 62 (light), 67 (junior middle--abolishing the term "welter"), 73 (middle), 80 (light-heavy), and 80-plus (heavy). Ultimately, all European bouts held under the APPE were matched at these weights until December 1944.

    It was planned that after the Axis won World War II, the APPE would be transformed into the APPI, with Rome as its seat. But by December 1, 1944, the IBU/APPE was extinct. The British Boxing Board of Control and the French FFB tried to constitute a new European body--the European Boxing Association (EBA) but other countries protested because the two veteran countries would have reintroduced the principle that the European Champion would be decided by a bout between British and French champions. Instead, in 1946, from the ashes of the APPE, the European Boxing Union (EBU) came into being.

    In November 1946 a consensus was met to give way for FIBA to regain the loss of credibility due to the behavior of some leading officials during World War II. FIBA was dissolved and the English Amateur Boxing Association in partnership with the French Boxing Federation decided to create AIBA; the Association Internationale de Boxe Amateur. The President of the French Boxing Federation, Emile Grémaux, was elected to the position of President.

    International Boxing Club was formed by Joe Louis with Jim Norris & Arthur Wirtz In 1949 to promote boxing at Madison Square Garden, Polo Grounds, Yankee Stadium, St. Nicholas Arena, Chicago Stadium and Detroit Olympia.

    Madison Square Garden paid Mike Jacobs of Twentieth Century Boxing Club $100,000 to relinquish his rights to promote fights at the Garden. Jacobs had become ill as a result of a stroke and the Garden wanted to turn over promotion to the IBC. The IBC had obtained the contracts of four contenders from Joe Louis for $150,000 on his retirement, and wanted to promote the fights in the Garden.

    The IBC developed a stranglehold on championship boxing, promoting 47 out of 51 championship bouts in the United States from 1949 to 1955. Its major revenues were acquired through television of twice-weekly boxing bouts from the Garden.

    Oriental & Pacific Boxing Federation was formed in 1954 by the Japanese, Korean, and Filipino boxing commissions. It was originally named the Orient Boxing Federation, but changed to the Oriental and Pacific Boxing Federation when the Australian National Boxing Federation joined in 1977.

    The Commonwealth Boxing Council was establish in 1954. The CBC has taken plenty of names and throughout history its importance has changed, but it has always overseen commonwealth championships.

    When Fidel Castro banned professional sports from Cuba in 1962, the dreams of thousands of fighters died along with the notion that El Presidente would establish a democratic government. In the decade that preceded Castro's revolution many world-class fighters came from Cuba. Who knows how many more would have emerged if not for the ban.

    NBA changes name to World Boxing Association to reflect its size and power.

    The NYSAC, EBU, BBBofC, CBC, SABPUV, and OPBF all joined together to form the WBC in 1963.

    Connecticut bans boxing in 1965.

    Australian National Boxing Federation, The body was founded in 1965 as the Australian Boxing Federation. In 1980s, the body took its current name of Australian National Boxing Federation. In 1977 Australian Boxing Federation joined the Oriental and Pacific Boxing Federation and Pan Asian Boxing Association. It is a WBC affiliate.

    New Zealand Pro Boxing Association forms in 1966 as the South Pacific Boxing Association under the CBC. They changed their name to NZPBA in 1984. They are WBC.

    The WBC established the North American Boxing Federation in 1969 as part of its creation of a variety of regional boxing federations not already covered by the federations that comprised the WBC. These regional federations would sanction championship bouts and crown regional champions in the same manner as the regional authorities like the EBU conduct their regions. These champions would be given consideration in the world rankings put out by the WBC. The first NABF title bout was between Sonny Liston and Leotis Martin on December 6, 1969.

    The African Boxing Union was founded in 1973 as a regional body with in the WBC very similarly to how I described NABF but for Africa.

    The USBA is formed in 1977 as the WBA's version of the NABF. A regional body for America whose champions were automatically ranked in the WBA world ranking. By 83 they will grow their influence and form an internal wing (USBA-I) and later that year split from the WBA to become the International Boxing Federation.

    Boxing Union of Ireland split from the BBBofC controlled IBBofC in 1980. The BUI was recognized by the WBC the same year they split from the BBBofC.

    The WAA is a world-wide title sanctioning body for professional boxing. It was founded in early 1981 by Pat O'Grady, after the World Boxing Association removed his son, WBA World Lightweight Champion Sean O'Grady as champion for not defending against their top contender. Unfortunately, Sean lost the WAA title in his first defense. If that didn't make the WAA joke enough in 1983 Monte Masters was married to Pat's daughter so the WAA fed him an easy fight for their vacant HW title, then in 1984 stripped him of the title because he had divorced her! To my knowledge Masters is the only hw in history to be stripped due to a sour father-in-law and a divorce.

    In a 1981 Sports Illustrated article, a WBA judge claimed that he was influenced by the WBA president to support certain fighters. The same article also discussed a variety of bribes paid to WBA officials to obtain title fights or rankings with the organization. In a 1982 interview, the promoter Bob Arum claimed that he had to pay off WBA officials to obtain rankings for his fighters. I know it seems out of place right now, but trust me Bob and paying off officials will come up again and when that happens it's unavoidable this topic so you may as well recognize Arum admitting to bribing his men to the top as early as 82.

    USBA splits from the WBA to form the IBF in 1983. Shortly after, in 1983, Larry Holmes single handedly forced the WBA and WBC to recognize IBF champions in their ranks by becoming the IBF champion. The IBF is the third major sanctioning body from here out. The USBA continues to serve as the IBF's regional body.

    At the 1985 World Boxing Council (WBC) annual convention in Bangkok, Thailand, the late Sahasombhop Srisomvongse and representatives from Sri Lanka, Nepal, Pakistan, India, Qatar, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Jordan, Malaysia and Kuwait launched the Asian Boxing Council (ABC) as a confederation affiliated with WBC.

    The World Boxing Federation (WBF), originally established in 1988 in the USA, was one of the world’s busiest professional boxing sanctioning organizations during the 90s until being forced to dissolve in 2004. After a five-year interregnum period, the WBF was re-established in 2009 as a non-profit sports organization properly registered in the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg. Not a major body.

    The WBO started after a group of Puerto Rican and Dominican businessmen broke out of the WBA's 1988 annual convention in Isla Margarita, Venezuela over disputes regarding what rules should be applied. By 2000 the WBA was giving the same recognition to WBO champions as it did to WBC and IBF champions. In 2004 the WBC recognized the WBO, and in 2007 the WBO would gain the IBF's recognition making it the fourth major body.

    The Women's International Boxing Federation is one of the more recognized world championship fight sanctioning organizations in women's boxing. Founded in 1989, it is not associated with the similarly named International Boxing Federation, which promotes men's and women's boxing. The WIBF is an independent sanctioning body that could be considered major for women's boxing.

    International Boxing Council (IBC) formed in 1990 as a governing body that sanctions and recognizes world title bouts. It is to be distinguished from the International Boxing Club (IBC) promotional outfit of the 1940s and '50s. The IBC is not a major world body.

    The International Women's Boxing Federation forms in 1992 as the women's wing of the IBF. IWBF and WIBF are both major players in women's boxing.

    International Boxing Organization was founded in 1993 was a world and regional body. I the late 90s it got some praise for its computer driven ranking system. From 2014 onward the IBO has adopted Boxrec's. The IBO is not a major body.

    The Commonwealth of Independent States and Slovenia Boxing Bureau was created in 1993 by WBC vice-president Edmund Lipinski. CISSBB was an affiliated regional organization of the World Boxing Council aimed at the development of professional boxing in former USSR, Eastern European, and Central Asian nations.

    North American Boxing Organization was formed by the WBO as a regional title similar to the WBC's NABF. NABO champions are automatically ranked on WBO world ranks.

    The World Boxing Union is a world sanctioning body. The original WBU was founded in January 1995 by IBF European representative Jon W. Robinson. The WBU had a golden period between 1996–2004 when its title contests were often shown live on satellite and terrestrial television. After the death of the UK WBU founder, the organization fell into dormancy until 2010. After realizing there were no legal remaining assets of the UK based WBU and after a period of years had passed of no activity of the original company nor an operating subsequent company of such brand , the USA based WBU brand was formed, registered, licensed, and launched under the stewardship of United States of America citizen Don “Moose” Lewis-President of the WAA. The WBU is not a major body although there was a period when it was more respected then the WBO.

    Professional Boxing Safety Act of 1995

    Pan Asian Boxing Association also known as PABA is an organization for professional boxing in the Central Asia, Oceania, Pan Pacific, Eurasia and Southeast and Far East nations. It was formed in 1995 and is headquartered in Seoul. It was a regional body for the WBA until 2016-2017ish.

    In 1996 the International Boxing Association is formed as an independent world body. The IBA's world championship is widely considered to be a "stepping stone" title, one which boxers win on their way to fight for a more prestigious world title. It has gained acclaim with its titles having been held by a number of notable boxers. Not a major world body.

    The International Boxing Union is a professional boxing sanctioning body founded in Atlanta, Georgia, United States, in 1996. It is an unrelated continuation to the International Boxing Union, based in Europe, which operated until the Second World War. IBU titles are often springboard titles for boxers who progress to gain additional titles of the more recognized Big Four. Although it was not formed by any affiliate of the former IBU the current IBU is meant to be a continuation of the former IBU and recognizes former IBU champions as their own champions. So as far as the IBU is concerned Shannon Briggs and Lee Savold are both their champions.

    Professional Boxing Safety Act of 1996

    The IFBA (International Female Boxing Association) is one of the more recognized world championship fight sanctioning organizations in Women's boxing. The IFBA was formed in 1997, and is based in Henderson, Nevada. For women's boxing is could be considered a major body.

    The North American Boxing Association (NABA) is a boxing governing body which was established in 1997 by the WBA as a regional body affiliated with the World Boxing Association. Like the NABF, USBA, and NABO before it, NABA is US based regional body that ensures its champions are world ranked fighters.

    In 1998 the WBA formed a regional body for northern Africa and continental Europe, by 2001 the EBA was reduced to Europe.

    The WPBF come in 1998. Here's a bit from their constitution, I think it says more about them then I can: The World Professional Boxing Federation (WPBF)™ is an international sanctioning body that sanctions professional boxing matches and awards the WPBF world championship title and subordinate championship title. It is dedicated to promoting and serving the sport of professional boxing, and to implementing uniform safety measures, computerized rankings system and uniform procedures for the protection of professional boxers as well as the conduct of championship matches, and implementing fairness and equal opportunities at all times, impartially, honestly and fairly to everybody, with its own authority to regulate, control and supervise the conduct of sanctioned matches in its own jurisdictions, throughout the Africa, Asia-Pacific, Europe, North America and Latin America. - So basically, the IBO but more pretentious while being even more obscure.

    U.S. Government takes control of IBF (Dec. 1999) Despite achieving an appearance of legitimacy, subsequent to a three-year investigation started by 1996 charges levied by former heavyweight champion Michael Moorer; IBF's reputation was ruined 1999 with founder Lee's indictment for racketeering and other violations for taking bribes in exchange for high boxer rankings. Indicted on federal racketeering and racketeering conspiracy charges were president, Robert W. Lee, 65; his son and IBF liaison, Robert Lee Jr., 38; former IBF executive and Virginia boxing commissioner Donald William Brennan, 86; and South American IBF representative Francisco Fernandez. Lee was subsequently convicted of money-laundering and tax evasion in August 2000, then sentenced, in 2001, to 22 months in prison and fined $25,000.

    In 2000, citing extortion; boxing promoter Bob Arum voluntarily testified to having paid IBF president Bobby Lee $100,000 in two installments in 1995, as the first half of a $200,000 bribe, through "middleman, Stanley Hoffman," adding that Lee had first demanded $500,000 to approve the Schulz-Foreman fight, but had settled for the lesser amount of $200,000 (half of which was never paid).] Arum was sanctioned and fined $125,000 by the Nevada State Athletic Commission. Boxing promoters Cedric Kushner and Dino Duva also admitted to making similar payments to Lee.

    The North American Boxing Council is a professional Boxing and Mixed Martial Arts sanctioning body headquartered in the United States at Indianapolis, IN since 1999. NABC boxing champions have been televised on HBO Boxing, Friday Night Fights and Fox Sports. Boxers who have contested for the title include Evander Holyfield, Félix Trinidad, Larry Donald, Ricardo Mayorga, Stevie Johnston, Joshua Clottey, Ian Gardner, and Damian Fuller. Promoters who have held NABC contests include Don King, Fred Berns, and Gary Shaw. On July 28, 2006, the NABC became the first professional boxing sanctioning body to sanction a Mixed Martial Arts bout when Jessie Chilton defeated Eddie Sanchez at Legends of Fighting 8 in Indianapolis to win the NABC 185 lb MMA championship. The NABC has produced its own MMA cards as NABC Extreme Fighting. NABC mixed martial arts champions have been televised on the HDNet cable channel and on Cage Fury Fighting Championships pay per view broadcasts. NABC sanctioning of MMA matches and the implications for the future of professional boxing were examined in an NBC Sports story by Kenny Rice May 29, 2007. As of 2014 the NABC adopted the Ring Magazine model of recognizing champions based won/loss record, quality of performance, strength of opposition, and computerized rankings, to fill vacant titles. The NABC recognizes the Ring Magazine champion as world champion.

    The Women's International Boxing Association (WIBA) a sanctioning body for women's professional boxing came into existence in July 2000, and quickly grew into a major force in the sport. The WIBA rates all worthy professional female boxers, including champions of other sanctioning bodies. WIBA also encourages unification bouts with other major women's sanctioning bodies like the IWBF, IFBA, WIBF, and the WBC Female Titles.

    Muhammad Ali Boxing Reform Act happens in 2000

    National Boxing Commission Act of 2001.

    In 2002 the IBO forms a regional American body similar to NABF, NABA, NABO, and USBA but for the IBO. it is called the United States Boxing Organization.

    2006 see the WPBF add an American regional body of their own. this one is called the United States Boxing Council. Like the IBO's USBO the USBC is a regional body for a minor world body.

    Eurasia Pacific Boxing Council is an organization for professional boxing in the Central Asia, Oceania, Pan Pacific, Eurasia and Southeast and Far East nations. It was formed in 2014 as a WBC affiliate and is headquartered in Seoul.

    The Eurasian Boxing Parliament (EBP) was formed in 2015. From their website: a Professional Boxing Confederation that unites countries from the Eurasian Continent (Europe & Asia). Promoting democracy and competitive fairness, EBP is a first organization of its kind. 'Victoria per Veritas' is the motto of EBP which translates 'Victory by Justice'. - They are an IBF affiliate.

    In 2016, WBC released an open letter, stating the following: "Eurasia Pacific Boxing Council is not a WBC Federation. It is only a committee affiliated with the WBC, Any request for a new federation or commission to affiliate to the WBC is a matter that must be addressed by the WBC Board of Governors in the annual conventions of the WBC."

    Also in 2016 the WBA announces their intention to form the WBA Asia, a new regional body that would displace the WBA affiliate PABA and replace their title with the WBA Asia's WBA Oceania title. I'm not sure if PABA looked to join the WBC for not but in 2016 they announced they would be forming a new world sanctioning body called the World Boxing Society or WBS.

    2017, EPBC announced that they will be leaving the WBC to join WBA. The WBA accepts the EPBC and changes its name to WBA Asia along with stripping PABA of their affiliation with the WBA an replacing the regional title with the WBA Oceania title awarded by the new formed WBA Asia. I'm not real sure, because I don't speak any Asian languages, but best I can tell PABA left the WBA before the WBA stripped them of their affiliation so for a short period the WBS was recognized by the WBA as a regional body.

    The European Boxing Council formed in 2018. An organization that oversees competition in the sport of Professional Boxing throughout the continent of Europe. The European Boxing Council is both a Governing and Championship Organization for Professional Boxing within Europe. The regional members of the European Boxing Council are The British & Irish Boxing Authority (BIBA), The Bund Deutscher Faustkämpfer (BDF), The Professional Boxing Association (PBA) The Malta Boxing Commission (MBC), The Latvian Professional Boxing Federation (LPBF) and The Baltic League of Martial Arts (BLMA).

    European Boxing League - 2018

    Italian Authority of Boxing - 2018

    World Boxing Confederation - 2018

    Association of Professional Boxing Commissions - 2018

    Pro Boxing Federation - 2018

    Intercontinental Boxing Federation - 2018

    Iran Professional Boxing Association - 2019

    Ben Bolt likes this.

  • #2
    To keep it short, WBC and WBA ruined professional boxing's legacy.
    Which was the lineal title.
    Marchegiano likes this.


    • #3
      Originally posted by Ben Bolt View Post
      To keep it short, WBC and WBA ruined professional boxing's legacy.
      Which was the lineal title.
      BOOM. Two fighters, 1 champ. How hard is that? Keep it simple and tell the corrupt officials to f*** off. The Ring tried to fix it. Hopefully TBRB will be the one if they give out championship belts. We'll see about that.


      • #4
        Originally posted by Ben Bolt View Post
        To keep it short, WBC and WBA ruined professional boxing's legacy.
        Which was the lineal title.
        No, you can't blame a predator for being a predator; it was TV that screwed us.

        TV had the power to decide who/what a champion was, they went with the greed and started calling every scantioning body's champion a champion.

        I ask with tongue in cheek, when was the last time a major distributor like HBO or Showtime televised a non-championship bout?

        Does anyone under a certain age even know the term 'eliminator' ?

        Blame TV, they in the 1980s were the new audio-visual Ring Magazine. They could have maintained the integrity.

        The scantioning bodies came into existence for the sole purpose of preying on fighters, venues, and broadcasters. They never served a necessary purpose.

        It's not their fault; a predator is a predator, the greed of TV let us down. They could have stopped it.

        P.S. How romantic I am to think it could have been stopped. LOL Imagine a world with eight champions. Where is the number at now? --- 80+ champions and we still have broadcast space to air YouTube fights. 8 champions was never going to last.
        Marchegiano likes this.


        • #5
          Originally posted by Anthony342 View Post

          BOOM. Two fighters, 1 champ. How hard is that? Keep it simple and tell the corrupt officials to f*** off. The Ring tried to fix it. Hopefully TBRB will be the one if they give out championship belts. We'll see about that.
          - - Alphabet Ring wannabees ain't doing squat for boxing, but they sure like blowing smoke up their keisters.


          • #6
            If Rough and Tumble was that rough, I wonder if any ladies attended. Or would that offend southern manners?


            • #7
              Originally posted by The Old LefHook View Post
              If Rough and Tumble was that rough, I wonder if any ladies attended. Or would that offend southern manners?
              Most fights were impromptu so if ladies were around and did not leave they would have seen it.

              Sylvia Dubois was an active American fighter and slave during the 18th century.

              Amazing woman, amazing story. She was a bouncer and fighter for her owner at his bar until she was slapped in the face as discipline one too many time. Syl had enough, balled up her fist and gave her former "master" one to the dome for a clean KO. She thought her goose was cooked but she was actually freed for it!

              At 5'10" and 200 pounds Sylvia was a good size for the era and beat many men. She also 'rassled.

              Sad what she had to endure but she was a badass about it.
              billeau2 likes this.


              • #8
                Originally posted by Anthony342 View Post

                BOOM. Two fighters, 1 champ. How hard is that? Keep it simple and tell the corrupt officials to f*** off. The Ring tried to fix it. Hopefully TBRB will be the one if they give out championship belts. We'll see about that.
                Even when I try my best to believe Ring or TBRB is more than a popularity contest I do not see how they can ever be more than a promotional title. TBRB can't enforce their ratings, call mandos, etc.

                It's crazy to me how guys talk about X moved up without fighting anyone on the top ten. That's all Ring and TBRB can do. Rate people regardless of who they fight. They can't enforce, which means they can't fix anything.


                • #9
                  Originally posted by Marchegiano View Post

                  Even when I try my best to believe Ring or TBRB is more than a popularity contest I do not see how they can ever be more than a promotional title. TBRB can't enforce their ratings, call mandos, etc.

                  It's crazy to me how guys talk about X moved up without fighting anyone on the top ten. That's all Ring and TBRB can do. Rate people regardless of who they fight. They can't enforce, which means they can't fix anything.
                  I don't understand what you mean by they 'can't enforce' - the WBC can't enforce anything except their own ratings. How is that different from The Ring Magazine?

                  Broadcasters! That's who actually runs the show. They decide who is valid and who isn't.

                  The question is, how does a scantioning body get in cozy with the broadcasters?

                  I would like to be a fly on the wall for those meetings.


                  • #10
                    Originally posted by Willie Pep 229 View Post

                    I don't understand what you mean by they 'can't enforce' - the WBC can't enforce anything except their own ratings. How is that different from The Ring Magazine?

                    Broadcasters! That's who actually runs the show. They decide who is valid and who isn't.

                    The question is, how does a scantioning body get in cozy with the broadcasters?

                    I would like to be a fly on the wall for those meetings.
                    Because Ring can't enforce their own ratings. Ring is reactionary to the WBC/A/O/IBF ratings, ordered fights, sanctioning.

                    The Ring has mandatories? Does TBRB have title eliminators?

                    WBC can only enforce WBC sanctioning, likewise with WBA, WBO, IBF, but at least they can enforce their own ratings. Ring can not. TBRB can not. Ring and TBRB accept the orders given by the real bodies just like you and I and the fighters themselves do.

                    Being rated number one in a real ratings board generally means you're about to fight the champion. Being rated on the Ring board generally means you are a champion Ring doesn't think did as much as another champion.

                    Tyson's the Ring and TBRB champion but is Usyk a number one contender? No, Ring and TBRB can't make Tyson fight Usyk and they have such little sway over the actual champions if they tried to tell Tyson to box Usyk or be stripped he'd just had them back their toy belt because it doesn't mean anything.

                    As long as TBRB/Ring are secondary and reactionary they're not about to fix anything.

                    We all know what we would do if we were dictator of boxing to fix boxing. We'd make the big fights. Usyk-Fury would be on tap. Wilder-Joshua would have done happened. It didn't because the real bodies do not force uni and the fake bodies can not enforce anything. Their ratings have all the worth your rating have except I know you a bit and so respect your judgement more.

                    At the end of the day they make more agreeable numbered lists of name and that is it, period. Their list of names holds no weight, doesn't mean anything, and hardly anyone ever fights anyone else on them because they're being told who to fight or who they're allowed to fight and stay rated, move up, get a title shot, be mando, etc by the bodies who can enforce their ratings.

                    No matter how you cut it reacting to the actual ratings isn't helping anything it just give y'all something to look at and that is it.

                    Let me know when Ring forces any Ring champion to fight Ring's number one contender and maybe then I'd respect Ring ratings.