Weight Loss: Carbs? Or No Carbs?
Dietitians just plain don't like low-carb or high-protein diets.
Whether it's The Atkins Diet, The Stillman Diet, The Scarsdale Diet or Eat Yourself Thin Like I Did by Nancy Moshier, a popular, new book that recommends a low-carb regimen, medical experts say these diets are not part of long-term weight maintenance.
"All of these diets, they are warmed-over versions of The Atkins Diet," says Heather Holden, RD, LDN, clinical dietitian at Vanderbilt University Medical Center in Nashville. "Low-carb, high-protein, it doesn't matter what you call them, they don't work in the long run."
But some aspects of Eat Yourself Thin are useful, says Holden. In particular, the book's focus on calorie counting can be useful.
How Many Calories Do You Need?
"The best thing about the book is that it teaches people how to calculate an approximate basal metabolic rate," says Holden. "That's the number of calories your body needs every day to maintain a constant weight. The number is different for everyone."
The book, says Holden, tells readers to establish their ideal body weight and then multiply that number by 10 to arrive at the daily calorie intake. For example, if your ideal body weight was 130 pounds, you would multiply that 130 by 10 to get 1,300 calories per day.
"That is a very rough estimate of what you need to eat each day at your ideal weight," says Holden. "So that gives you a place to start. If you weigh 160 pounds, and your ideal weight is 130 pounds, then you start a calorie diary to see how much you're eating each day. Then you can get a better idea of how much you can eat every day to start working off weight to get closer to your ideal weight."
That much, she says, is useful. But the book goes on to tout the wonders of low-carb eating as the best way to maximize loss of body fat.
"That's the part you want to avoid," says Holden. "Low-carb diets provide quick weight loss but do not help you maintain weight loss."
The American Dietetic Association (ADA) says that both low-carb and high-protein diets are bad.
"These diets are not safe, they are not healthy, and they are not a good way to try to get healthy," says Leslie Bonci, RD, nutritionist with the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center Sports Complex and a spokesperson for the ADA. "They provide short-term, rapid weight loss by causing the body to shed water weight and muscle. But that is no way to keep weight off for very long, and it's dangerous to your body chemistry."
During ketosis, your carbohydrate-depleted body grabs other sources, including ketones from stored fat or protein, to satisfy daily energy needs. This leads to ketoacidosis, a state similar to that seen with type 1 diabetes. This type of diet can have a negative long-term impact on health.
"Next time you talk to someone on one of these diets, pay attention to their mental state, how alert they seem," says Holden. "The lack of carbohydrates tends to make them seem a bit fuzzy mentally because the brain is not getting enough fuel. Is that any way to diet?"
New Research Supports It
Study participants lost an average of 20 pounds while on the Atkins diet for six months, but they were not followed longer to see if they kept the weight off. Most people also had improved cholesterol levels at the end of the study, even though the eating plan permits unlimited quantities of cholesterol-rich foods such as eggs and meat.
The study was funded by a grant from the Robert Atkins Center for Complementary Medicine. Duke researcher Eric Westman, MD, says he became interested in studying the Atkins diet after several of his patients lost large amounts of weight on it.
But though researchers were impressed by the weight loss, they say more study is needed to pronounce the carbohydrate-restricting diet safe.
Be active: try walking 30 minutes a day most days of the week.
To lose weight, most women should eat 1,200-1,500 calories per day.
To lose weight, most men should eat 1,500-1,800 calories a day.
A loss of one to two pounds per week is considered a healthy weight loss.
People who lose weight gradually are more likely to keep the weight off.
Eat no more than 30% of your total calories from fat.
Include at least five servings of fruit and vegetables in your diet each day.
Examine your eating habits -- keep a written journal of what and when you eat.
Weigh yourself only once a week.
Eat breakfast to curb binge eating.
"There are still a lot of things we don't know about food and nutrition," says Holden. "Nutrition is a relatively young science, but we do know that you can trick the body's mechanisms in the short run. In the long run, however, those short cuts catch up with you in the form of weight gain."
You may reprint or publish this article free of charge as long as the bylines are included.
Original URL (The Web version of the article)
About The Author
Hoodia - Its Basic Nature Part 3
Hoodia Gordonii a cactus plant found thousands of miles away in the Cape Town of South Africa, has become incredibly beneficial for people all over the world. Centuries ago, the simple tribal folk of South Africa cultivated the plant so that they could chew it and satiate hunger and thirst for three to four days.
The Secret to Safe Weight Loss
The safe way to lose weight begins with a thorough checkup by your family physician. He can check for any health problems that might defeat a simple diet plan.
Blow Those Fat Cells to Smitherines in Just 9 Short Days
Close kept secrets to weight loss: Give me 9 days and blow those fat cells to smitherines!Sizzling!! I bought a jumpsuit when I was 21 years old and kept it in my closet. I knew one day I would fit into it again.
Empowerment and Self-Control - What it Really Takes to get Control of your Weight
Chant the following each day, several times. They are mantras that will save your life -- The choice to do nothing is still a choice and yields nothing.
Hold The Onions: Your Liver and Its Importance In Fighting the Battle of the Bulge
Hold the onions! Let's talk "liver". No, not beef liver, but human liver and its relationship to weight loss.
Exercise Resistant Fat Removed with Liposuction
Liposuction works best with people who are a normal weight but have localized areas of excess fat. These spots are usually found in the buttocks, hips, thighs, chin, knees, love handles, or along waistline.
Rapid Weight Loss Tips - Lose Weight with the South Beach Diet
It's the American Dream: "If I could just lose a little bit of weight..
How You Can Chew to Lose Weight
There Is A Right Way to Chew!Chewing your food is the beginning of the whole digestion process. By chewing food, your mouth produces saliva which helps break it down.
Weight Loss and Exercising Staying Power - Three Magic Words!
My name is Greg Ryan. I am a best selling author of online e-books, high profile fitness expert, former employee of the Kathy Smith, champion bodybuilder and CEO.
Weight Loss Workout Routine Benefits
Is a weight loss workout routine right for you? Answer the following questions to find out. Do you feel sluggish at the end of the day? Do you feel tired and stiff after a long day at work? Are you stressed out most of the time?Too many days without adequate exercise, rest and fresh air can leave you feeling as tired on the inside as weak muscles feel on the outside.
Get NeanderThin on the Cave Man Diet
Are you up to a cave man diet? You won't have to start living in a cave, but your eating habits will have to become..
The Milk Diet -- Is it Your Solution for Losing Weight?
For sometime now, you've been hearing about the Milk Diet and it's benefit in helping you lose weight. I recently searched on Google for the Milk Diet and could only find vague references to milk as a supplement to help you lose weight.
Close Kept Secrets to Weight Loss Lesson #9
WAHOO!!! for YOU!! You are the most AWESOME person alive!! Stand up and repeat after me. Come on, get up and feel the presence of God all around you.
Atkins Diet Plan -- Are Low Carb Diets Doomed?
According to Veronica Atkins, the widow of Dr. Robert Atkins, the cause of his death was from falling on a slippery sidewalk with subsequent irreversible brain damage (from a CNN interview, February, 2004).
The Culprit of Obesity in Children - Inactivity
It was bad enough hearing almost daily that obesity in adults is a growing problem, now our children are the focal point. Yes, moms and dads, the research is in.
How Music Can Help You Burn More Fat
Browsing one of the Russian websites I have recently found a little article claiming that music can affect our health both improving and worsening it. That sounded very interesting and I decided to research how can music actually affect our well-being.
Read Food Labels To Lose Weight
I was at the grocery store the other day, doing my weekly shopping and reading food labels like I always do, when and acquaintance came up and said, "Why are you reading labels? You can eat anything you want with all of that exercise you do!" I have to say that this is probably one of the biggest misconceptions that people have.I talk to many people who are frustrated because they are working out and not losing weight, or not seeing the results they want.
No One Ever Got Fat Eating Broccoli!
Diet tips for losing weight abound. Some are good, some questionable and some are just plain crazy.
Close Kept Secrets to Weight Loss
Discover secrets to overcome food addictions by releasing negative thoughts and reframing with powerful affirmations, and manifest all that is yours by Divine right.My name is Tami Close and my intention is to empower women to realize they are responsible for their own health and well-being.
The Big FAT Lie
Over two thirds of Americans are over weight, and half of them are considered obese. Most of the remaining third of Americans are concerned about becoming overweight! While we are obsessed with avoiding food that is high in fat, America has the dubious distinction of its population having the highest percentage of overweight people of any nation in the world! England is number two!One of the most common and harmful misunderstandings is the misinformation (lie) that we are fat because we eat too much fat.