Bookmark Website  | Free Registration  | The Team
The Lounge  | Champions  | The Wire |  Schedule |  Audio  |  Arcade  |  The Top Ten  |  Historical  |  Email  |  Video

Body Fat Distribution Factors


Most men and women put on weight differently. But on what makes fat settle in a preferential way, there is little evidence.

Scientists ascertained that the specific body shapes are: the android shape, or apple shape, common among men (fat deposits on the middle section of the body, mostly on the abdomen) and the gynoid, or pear shape, more common among women (fat deposited on hips and bottom). There is also the third type of body shape: the ovoid shape, not differentiating between men and women. With this type we can speak of an over-all general coverage of bodyfat.

Thinking of many cases of exceptions, I try to find out in what follows if there is a strict specific fat pattern distribution for men and women and what are the factors influencing fat distribution. And I find this interesting not in as much as the aesthetic side is concerned but from the health perspective.

Being overweight or underweight are characteristics depending on many factors: you are genetically overweight if you have a family history of overweight parents/relatives. Also, the nervous system plays an important role in balancing the body weight: serotonin and endorphins send signals to the brain that induce the need to eat or on the contrary. There is also the CCK hormone which transmits the brain signals on the state of satiety - it decreases hunger.

While generally, body weight is influenced genetically, hormonally and by the body maintenance condition (the activity routine), it seems that the fat distribution is influenced by age, genetic inheritance, race, but to a greater extent by gender specific hormones. They are responsible for the distribution of fat in certain zones of our bodies: thus, estrogens which are responsible of the typical female sexual characteristics will influence the fat deposition in the pear format, favouring its laying on the hips, thighs, and belly, while testosterone will "lead" fat mostly towards tummy and upper body.

Latest studies show that men's tendency towards the gynoid format has increased in the past 30 years (one study shows a growth of 2 inches in men's hips in the past 30 years). According to researches as John R. Lee, M.D (specialist in natural progesterone therapy), Dr. Jesse Hanley and Dr. Peter Eckhart, it seems that modern life exposes people to increased amounts of estrogen and estrogen-like substances (xenoestrogens or foreign estrogens). Sources of these substances can be plastics, plastic drinking bottles, commercially raised beef, chicken and pork, personal care products, pesticides, herbicides, birth control pills, spermacide, detergent, canned foods and lacquers. The problem is that increased estrogen levels in men not only make their hips fatten but are the main risk factor for disease such as prostate enlargement and cancer.

Also, for women, the android pattern fat distribution should raise questions with regard to hormonal imbalances, such situations being a potential cause for health problems such as polycystic ovary syndrome.

We've seen how health related problems can affect body fat, now let's take a look at how fat can induce health problems.

It is clear that increased body fat affects health, the news is that its distribution on the body influences the state of health of specific organs.

According to its placement, fat can be subcutaneous (under the skin) or visceral (around organs). The greatest concern is generated by visceral fat that can interfere with the good functioning of vital organs. There is a relationship between overall fat deposits and specific fat deposits: fat around the body middle section is associated with visceral fat, so, abdominal fat is the most serious health risk.

The waist to hip ratio is a method of determining whether there are excessive amounts of upper body fat. It is obtained by dividing the waist measurement by the hip measurement. The upper limits are:.95 for men and .80 for women. Any exceeding values should be alarming.

Apple-shaped fat individuals are exposed to a greater risk of developing obesity-related diseases, as the fat is intra-abdominal and distributed around their stomach and chest. They risk:

  • Cardiovascular diseases and hypertension

  • Type 2 diabetes

  • Respiratory diseases (sleep apnea syndrome)

  • Some cancers

  • Osteoarthritis

The pear-shaped overweight persons are at greater risk of mechanical problems, as most of their body fat is distributed around their hips, thighs and bottom.

Both apple-shaped and pear-shaped obese persons are likely to develop psychological problems and alteration of the quality of life.

In any case, extra-weight cannot create but problems. Fact is that the main role in acquiring extra-fat is the food intake that the body cannot burn for various reasons (such as a decreased metabolic rate, low activity level or the physical condition), and, consequently, it creates fat deposits. The solution is a classic one: diet and exercise.

However, in shedding extra weight there are men-women differences. The process appears to be harder for women.

The total mass of the body is made up of fat mass and fat-free mass. The fat mass can be of two types: essential and excess. Essential fat is found in bone marrow, in various organs, and throughout the nervous system.

Women are at a disadvantage, as their physiological processes (childbearing and hormone functions) require a plus of essential fat, the "sex-specific fat". Thus the total percentage of body fat is higher, moreover, this part of essential fat is hard to dislodge. Secondly, women have less calorie burning muscle than men, which makes it more more demanding for the female to achieve a trimmer figure. Now, girls, don't use it as an excuse!

About The Author

Laura Ciocan writes for http://www.dietsindex.com where you can find more information about the dietary options.

Please feel free to use this article in your Newsletter or on your website. If you use this article, please include the resource box and send a brief message to let me know where it appeared: mailto:lauracio@gmail.com.


MORE RESOURCES:

Picking Experts and the Quest for Great Weight Loss Surgery
Huffington Post
I was a very reluctant candidate for weight loss surgery. Even when I tipped the scales at 374 pounds and was past the point of morbid obesity, I kept looking for a way to avoid an operation. From my decades as a structured settlement consultant and ...



PerezHilton.com

Dramatic Celebrity Weight Loss & Weight Gain!
PerezHilton.com
CLICK HERE to view the gallery, "Dramatic Celebrity Weight Loss & Weight Gain!" CLICK HERE to view the gallery, "Dramatic Celebrity Weight Loss & Weight Gain!" CLICK HERE to view the gallery, "Dramatic Celebrity Weight Loss & Weight Gain!" [Image via ...

and more »


TechCrunch

Applause Raises $765K From Salesforce CEO For Its Revamped Weight Loss App
TechCrunch
If you're worried about blowing your diet over the holidays – or perhaps, thinking about making a New Year's resolution to “eat healthy” (you know, again) – an app called Applause, now seed funded by Salesforce CEO Marc Benioff, may help. The startup ...

and more »


Food World News

LEBRON JAMES Weight Loss: 67-Day Diet, What's Inside LeBron's Diet?
Food World News
LeBron James weight loss isn't that huge, but he admitted it is not good for the competition. He added, now he is quicker in the court, the 6-foot-8 popular NBA star told Rachel Nichols on CNN's "Unguarded with Rachel Nichols." LeBron James has lost ...



BBC News

NICE: Weight loss ops 'good for obesity-linked diabetes'
BBC News
People diagnosed with diabetes linked to obesity should be quickly assessed for weight loss surgery, according to finalised NHS guidelines. The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE), which advises the NHS in England, said obesity was ...
Weight Loss Surgery May Reduce Type 2 Diabetes RiskUniversity Herald
Diabetes Destroyed with Weight LossLawfuel
Weight-loss surgery can help obese people get back on track with their diabetesThe State
The Guardian -The Independent -Telegraph.co.uk
all 75 news articles »


What do successful weight-loss maintainers have to teach us?
Victoria Advocate
Maintaining weight loss can be very challenging. And from the moment we buy that first bag of Halloween candy until the last glass of champagne is toasted early on New Year's Day, it seems that holiday temptations plot to keep us from sticking to our ...



Hollywood Take

Tara Reid Scary Skinny? Shocking Before And After Photos Show Dramatic ...
Hollywood Take
Tara Reid Losing Weight Tara Reid started to show signs of scary weight loss at the American Pie 2 premiere in 2001. Tara Reid has struggled with her weight in the past, fluctuating from curvy to scary skinny and then back again. Some sources even ...

and more »


Mother-in-law doesn't let up on weight loss issue
STLtoday.com
Every time we see my in-laws, my mother-in-law offers me advice about weight loss, or gives me books, tapes, etc., on it. Yes, I am overweight (size 12-16) and my size has gone up and down over the years. She is a perfect size 4. I know this because ...

and more »


CNN

Down 150 pounds, lifetime dieter feels 'unstoppable'
CNN
Durrant decided to create a Facebook page called "Get Down with Dani" to both inspire others and to keep herself accountable for achieving her weight loss goals. "I have had the pleasure of meeting the strongest people that I've ever known," she said.

and more »


13newsnow.com

Does weight loss pill Garcinia Cambogia work?
13newsnow.com
"They're really excited about trying something new and different," Kathy Edwards of Herritage Market in Virginia Beach said. Garcinia Cambogia is a tropical fruit native to Indonesia, but you'll usually see it in the pill, supplement form. "We really ...

and more »

Google News


Advertisement



Section Site Map - Submit News - Feedback - Comments - Advertise with Us

Copyright 2006 Luminati Inc. All rights reserved.