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Vitamin - Essential Nutrients for Health


Vitamins are the stars of the nutrition scene. Nutrition,the science of food, is the study of the nutrients andsubstances in foods. Scientists examine how the balancesof food compounds relate to health and disease, and explorehow they interact during the process of ingestion,absorption, utilization, and excretion.

There are six essential nutrients for health and bodymaintenance: vitamins, minerals, water, fats, proteins, andcarbohydrates. They are the building blocks of life, and weobtain them through our diet. Our bodies don't make them.

At this time, it is known that there are fourteen vitaminsrequired by humans. Vitamins, first discovered in thelate 1800s, are organic compounds found in foods. Sincethey are organic - containing carbon - they can bedestroyed by heat, unlike their companion essentialnutrient group, the incombustible minerals.

In the early 1900s, when scientists were continuing todiscover new vitamins, they named newly found compounds byalphabet: A, B, C, D, E~. K. Note: The compounds that hadbeen named F, G, H, I, J were later disqualified asvitamins, not fitting the definition: organic compoundsneeded in small quantities for life growth and maintenance.Compounds that have been given letters with numbers, B-1, B-2~ were originally thought to be one compound, but laterdetermined to be several different compounds with specificfunctions for each.

Vitamins are in one of two classes: fat soluble or watersoluble. Vitamin C and the B vitamins (such as niacin andriboflavin) are water soluble. Vitamins A, D, E, and K arefat soluble. Which type of solubility each vitamin haswill indicate which foods contain them. Basically, non-fatfood has no fat soluble vitamins. However, highly coloredvegetables like carrots do contain beta-carotene - a proto-vitamin which can be converted to active vitamin A.

Water soluble vitamins are easily shed by the body andlost from foods during preparation. Since they aren'tstored by the body, we need to ingest them every day.Nevertheless it is best to avoid taking them excessively.On the other hand, fat soluble vitamins are readily storedby the body. Thus caution is necessary to avoid excessivequantities; it is possible to build up toxic levels of thefat soluble vitamins.

People commonly wonder if they need to take vitaminsupplements, and which vitamins should be taken for goodhealth. The situation today is that our foods are comingto us from conditions that previously were never the casefor humans. Modern food is highly processed, and isfrequently grown in depleted soils. Our foods are pickedunripe and therefore incomplete from the standpoint ofnutrition. Then they are shipped and handled more than theideal. Therefore, it seems unlikely that the averageperson's diet provides sufficient amounts of necessarynutrients - vitamins and minerals in particular. Instead,we are consuming excessive amounts of harmful compoundslike preservatives and refined sugars.

A suggestion. Do your own research project. Keep trackof what you eat for a week or two. Eat normally, and justwrite down what you ate and how much of it. Then eitherbuy or check out from your library a book on vitamins thatwill tell you approximately what you got from each foodsource. Add it up and compare to the recommended dailyallowances. See how you're doing, and if you think it's agood idea to make some improvements, consult with aprofessional nutritionist, naturopathic physician, or otherhealthcare professional to come up with a good plan of dietand nutritional supplements. You'll see what a profounddifference good nutrition can make in your health.

Carina Snowden writes on topics related to vitamins. Herarticles are published in The News at Alta Vitaminthe single on-line resource for a world of news aboutvitamins. Be sure to refer to all Carina's articles athttp://www.altavitamin.com/


MORE RESOURCES:

Salt Lake Tribune

Op-ed: Supplements are regulated and safe, despite HBO's claims
Salt Lake Tribune
Here we go again. "HBO Real Sports with Bryant Gumbel" is the latest to jump on the bandwagon with those falsely claiming that dietary supplements are unregulated. The Salt Lake Tribune suggests there have been "ongoing attempts to limit the supplement ...
Sen. Hatch disputes HBO story on dietary supplementsKSL.com
Senators urge Justice Department to enforce dietary supplement rulesSt George News

all 5 news articles »


Deseret News

Sen. Orrin Hatch calls HBO story on dietary supplements 'inaccurate'
Deseret News
Orrin Hatch is rebutting an HBO "Real Sports" story that ties him and a law he championed to several soldiers who died after taking dietary supplements sold on their bases. In a segment that aired Tuesday, correspondent Soledad O'Brien reported that ...
Senators Urge Justice Department to Step Up Actions against Adulterated ...Natural Products INSIDER (blog)
A Gathering Storm in the Dietary Supplement WorldJD Supra (press release)

all 5 news articles »


Today.com

Are you getting enough? 5 important things to know about vitamins
Today.com
Once upon a time, the only source of vitamins was from food. Now shelves are filled with all kinds of vitamin supplements, with choices ranging from pills and chewables, to gummies and liquids. While the goal of taking vitamin supplements is to promote ...
Do We Need Food Supplements?The Jewish Voice

all 3 news articles »


Health.com

Well | Many Probiotics Taken for Celiac Disease Contain Gluten
New York Times (blog)
Last year, doctors at Columbia University found that people with celiac disease frequently use probiotic supplements, but that those who take these products tend to experience more symptoms of the disease than those who do not. Now these experts say ...
Some Probiotic Supplements May Contain Unlabeled Traces of GlutenHealth.com
Probiotic Supplements May Contain Traces of GlutenHealthDay
'Gluten-free' probiotics often contain gluten, study findsFox News

all 109 news articles »


Salt Lake Tribune (blog)

HBO report links Orrin Hatch's dietary supplement legislation to military ...
Salt Lake Tribune (blog)
In a segment that airs in Tuesday's episode of "Real Sports" (11 p.m., HBO), Soledad O'Brien reports on the deaths of several members of the U.S. military tied to dietary supplements sold at their bases — and ties those deaths to Sen. Orrin Hatch (R ...



Philly.com (blog)

What I learned from taking Viviscal hair supplements for 190 days
Philly.com (blog)
My journey with Viviscal, the vitamin supplement specifically formulated for promoting hair growth, began in February. After reading how models and celebrities such as Lauren Conrad and Gwyneth Paltrow all used the product for beautiful, healthy hair, ...



Natural Products INSIDER (blog)

Keeping Sports Nutrition Supplements Clean
Natural Products INSIDER (blog)
With sports nutrition supplements, the end users are a dynamic bunch composed of well-informed—and sometimes well-misinformed—goal-oriented, diligent fitness enthusiasts. They have an insatiable appetite for peak performance through regimented ...



Parade

Get Ready for Summer with 5 Healthy Supplements
Parade
When it comes to health products on the market, really, it's hit or miss. There are so many options; new brands, new products…drinks, shakes, supplements, YIKES, how do you get past the hype? Well, I tried a ton of new healthy offerings the last few ...



Fox News

Healthy woman's stroke linked to drug in sports supplement
Fox News
"This is the first time that we have been able to clearly link BMPEA supplement use with a very serious health consequence," said Dr. Pieter Cohen, a co-author of the report and an assistant professor of medicine at Harvard Medical School. [Wishful ...
Here's Why FDA Is Ordering BMPEA Supplements Off The MarketForbes
Amphetamine-like stimulant in dietary supplement linked to strokeCBS News
FDA Wants BMPEA Sports Supplements Pulled From Store ShelvesTech Times
Medical Daily -Science Times -Times Gazette
all 41 news articles »


Live Science

Cinnamon Supplements May Be Risky for People Taking Statins
Live Science
Taking cinnamon supplements could potentially be dangerous, especially for the millions of people who take statin drugs to lower their cholesterol, a new case report suggests. In the report, a 73-year-old woman developed the liver condition hepatitis ...


Google News


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