example of a bossa-nova song..."Girl from Ipanima" by Antonio Carlos Jobim, and no, i didn't google that...lol. Unfortunatly, like a lot of jazz styles and musicians, $$ watered down and ruined the uniqueness of these original root-styles of music.
I used to love learning about different cultures to see where the music came from, but I'm afraid I've forgotten sooo much.
That's a good question, only really well trained musicians are fluent in being able to easily differentiate and gracefully play these rythyms.
What i can tell you is, these and african type beats mixed in with american music, (waltz, -3/4--6/8 and 4/4-rock consists of the soup which is jazz...a mixture of rythyms, beats, melodies, and notation-note-progression.
Curious...why do you ask? You got me thinking now...lol. Man, i miss playing.
I used to be able to differentiate some latino rythyms years ago , but because i haven't played in many years, my ears got some "fat" on them as us drummers say...lol.
Now-a-days i couldn't tell a rhumba from a samba, let alone a bossa-nova. All i really remember is it's a back-beat rythym popular more in Cuban than other latino rythyms....nope i was wrong...it has brazilian roots.
It can be played in different time signatures too, which gets really interesting.